Mascoutah is a small city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States, named for the Mascoutens, a tribe of the Illinois Indians. The population was 7,483 at the 2010 census. The population was 8,029 at the 2018 census.
The town of Mascoutah was originally established in 1837 as Mechanicsburg. This was disputed with the establishment of a Post Office; the inhabitants were informed that another township in Illinois was already named Mechanicsburg. The town was renamed after the Mascouten tribe, and was officially designated Mascoutah in 1839.
Mascoutah was considered a progressive town near the turn of the 20th century. The town saw steady growth thanks to the construction of a train depot in 1870, courtesy of the Southern Railway Company. The largest Turner Hall in Southern Illinois was established in Mascoutah in 1873 which served as the center of town social life, and the town constructed its own citizen owned power plant in 1894. The Mascoutah Herald was established in 1885 and remains in production to this day. In 1903 the Belleville And Mascoutah Electric Railway Company planned an electric rail system to Belleville that was delayed and never completed.
The train depot shut down, the Turner Hall eventually became the chamber of commerce, and the municipal power plant now houses the city’s fleet and equipment maintenance department.
Mascoutah is located about 7 km (4 mi) south of Interstate 64 (Exit 23) on Highway 4 at Highway 177. It is about 46 km (29 mi) east St. Louis, Missouri. Mascoutah is accessible to St. Louis and Lambert Airport by Metrolink from its Shiloh station a few miles northwest of town. Mascoutah is home to Mid America Airport. Nearby Scott AFB is a major employer and base residents attend school in Mascoutah. Downtown St. Louis is 30 minutes away, West County St Louis is 45 minutes away, and South County St Louis is 35 minutes away.
There are three parks in town that offer a wide array of activities. Scheve Park has two swimming pools, 6 baseball diamonds (2 with lights), a lit sand volleyball court, lit horseshoe pits, two soccer fields, skate park, ten pavilions varying in size, and several playground areas. Scheve Park also has a restored train caboose and dining car that visitors can tour. Maple Park is equipped with outdoor basketball facilities, a ball playing area, playground equipment, and a family sized pavilion. Prairie Park has two fishing lakes, a fountain, and a pavilion.
1.56 sq mi (4.04 km2)
0.15 sq mi (0.38 km2)
834.78/sq mi (322.31/km2)
618 Exchange: 566
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